RESOURCES / Frequent Questions
At some point almost everyone who owns real estate requires the services of a Professional Land Surveyor. Following are some of the most common questions people have about surveying:
Are there different types of surveys?
Yes, there are several types of surveys, each appropriate for different situations.
- Boundary Survey - A boundary survey is completed for the express purpose of establishing or re-establishing property corners and boundary lines of a given parcel of land.
- Land Title Survey - A land title survey is a detailed boundary retracement survey with additional surveying and research to meet the needs required by title insurance companies.
- Topographic Survey - A topographic survey shows the elevations and contours of the land. It also shows both manmade and natural features such as streams, fences, buildings, ponds, pools, dirt lanes, tree lines, etc.
- Construction Survey - A construction survey is used for layout control for roads, sanitary sewers, water lines, gas lines, power lines, buildings, and other improvements to the land.
When is a survey advisable?
- BEFORE title in land is transferred.
- BEFORE land is subdivided by deed, will or by the Court.
- BEFORE land is developed by the construction of buildings, roads, fences, etc.
- BEFORE an easement or right-of-way is created across the land.
- BEFORE a boundary dispute arises or when you believe someone is encroaching on your land.
- BEFORE timber is to be cut and removed.
What is the cost of a Land Survey
The cost of a land survey depends on many factors such as the type of survey needed and the surveying method used. These factors include:
- Required accuracy and purpose for the survey
- Complexity of legal records
The number of deeds that need to be researched are often complicated by vague, incomplete, or contradictory legal descriptions. Deeds for abutting properties must be researched and unrecorded deeds and agreements must be resolved.
- Size and shape
An irregular shape has more corners and a longer boundary than a square containing the same area.
- Terrain and accessibility
A flat, open field is easier to survey than mountain woodland. Streams, cliffs, and dense vegetation complicate the surveying process.
- Field evidence
The existence of iron pins, corner stones, designated trees, and other evidence of boundaries aid the surveyor, and their absence compounds difficulties. Cooperative neighbors can be very helpful.
- Time of year
Summer foliage restricts sight distances, whereas deep winter snow hinders travel and hides property corners.
The objects used to mark the corners and boundaries; for example concrete or cut stone monuments are more durable but require greater effort to set and are more costly than iron pins.
- Plat requirements
The necessary details to be shown on the survey map, including the requirements of Planning Commissions, Local Municipalities, Title Insurance Companies, Architects, Professional Engineers, etc. affect the time involved to produce the map.
Due to the amount of variables, it is best to consult with one of our Professional Land Surveyors to determine an estimate or cost for the survey.